How Films Are Made

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How Films Are Made
How Films Are Made

Video: How Films Are Made

Video: How are movies made? | The movie making process explained | How to make a movie 2022, December

Modern filmmaking is a complex, multi-stage process involving dozens of people. It is because of this that the magic of cinema works. What we see on the screen is just the tip of the iceberg.

How films are made
How films are made


Step 1

The very first step is script creation. Any scenario, regardless of genre, is divided into three parts - the exposition (the audience is introduced to the heroes of the film), the complication (the richest part of the film, where the main part of the action takes place) and the culmination (denouement, finale). Most often, a screenwriter, director and producer work on the script. The final version of the script is the director's one, and it often presents a technical table with a detailed breakdown by personnel, plus all the detailed technical information - an indication of the plan and method of shooting.

Step 2

This is followed by a preparatory period - the longest. At this stage, information and materials for the film are collected (this is especially important if the film is historical), the concept of the film is developed, the artistic, color, sound and noise design of the picture is discussed. The artist is engaged in sketches of scenery, options for costumes, make-up, the film crew makes test locations.

In the same period, the casting of actors takes place, including with the help of a filing cabinet, which is available at each shooting studio, the first rehearsals are held. At this stage, a production project is created - a general idea of ​​the film, a director's script, a description of the worked out episodes and scenes, a calendar plan and a general estimate. After the completion of the preparatory period, it remains only to shoot a film.

Step 3

Before you start shooting, you master the scenery, plans, nature. If all the little things were taken into account during the preparatory period, the film crew will work without downtime and mistakes. The film crew can be roughly divided into four main parts - directing, cinematography, art and sound.

The director and his assistants lead and organize the filming process, the director of photography decides (together with the director) what the light, color and lighting will be like. The second operator works directly with the camera. Assistants monitor all equipment. The production designer creates the scene in detail, under his supervision the costume designer, decorator and others work. Sound technicians put up microphones, record the soundtrack in a rough way to use it as a basis for subsequent scoring.

Step 4

The film crew resembles an anthill, as a rule, several scenes are filmed at the same time, people are rushing everywhere, the work is in full swing. Every day of shooting is very expensive, so the work on the film is going at a frantic pace. A full-length film is being shot over a period of several weeks.

Step 5

Next comes the editing and toning period. At this moment the film is being assembled. The necessary takes, the necessary plans, transitions are selected. Often, the editing period begins even before filming, the director can make a detailed storyboard indicating the duration of the frames, transitions, and more.

Step 6

There is also the concept of rough and finish editing. A rough cut is a sequence of frames that correspond to the approved scenario. Fine editing is the final selection of frames, which is carried out by the chief director and director of editing.

At the moment, computers are doing most of the rough work. After the finished film is assembled, the editor synchronizes the image and sound, if the resulting recording does not suit the director, the film is dubbed in the studio. After several rehearsals, the actors record the final soundtrack. It fits with the movie on the timeline.

Step 7

At the same stage, special effects are added, post-processing of frames, background overlay and other use of the latest technologies, for example, replace the actor with a computer image.

Step 8

The music is recorded during the editing and toning period, since at this stage the duration of the scenes is already clear. The music track can be recorded in two ways - before the projected scenes of the film or by the stopwatch, when the conductor requires the orchestra to keep within a clear time interval with the performance of a certain piece of music.

Step 9

The final step in film production is mixing, or dubbing, multiple audio tracks into one. At this stage, the phonograms are synchronized with the edited film, accents are placed and the sound is recorded on a separate tape. After that, both films (with sound and video) are provided to the commission. If the commission accepts the film, the negative is edited in the workshop, from which copies of the film are then printed.

Step 10

The promotion of the film begins almost simultaneously with the writing of the script. The work is carried out in three directions - cinemas, video and television. Before the release of the film, short commercials are recorded from the footage, press conferences are held and publications are in the press. The producer does all this. He also calculates how many cinemas will buy the film, what the profit will be.

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