Oil paints are an excellent material for painting. They leave crisp, vibrant strokes, allow unexpected and bold colors and transitions, and are more durable than watercolor or gouache. It is not for nothing that most of the immortal canvases of great painters were created with oil paints. These paints have one small drawback - they dry. But do not be upset, even very dry oil paints can be diluted.
It is necessary
artistic varnish, turpentine, vegetable oil, whitewash
In order to make the paint more liquid and return it to the consistency necessary for work, use solvents. Of course, you can dilute your paints with a common construction solvent, which is sold in any hardware store, but it is better to buy a special solvent for painting. Over time, these products do not give a yellow tint on the paint and have a less intense odor. Be sure to check with the seller in the art store and, if in doubt, ask him to help you.
Try thinning your paints with oil. Any vegetable oil is suitable for artistic paints, but linseed oil is most often used. Ordinary gum turpentine or artistic varnish is also perfect for these purposes. Keep in mind that when thinned, oil paints can lose color and look much paler, but after the solvent evaporates, their hue returns to its original color. That is why it is necessary to dilute paints very carefully, constantly checking the result on a separate test canvas. For a softer effect, use a mixture of art varnish, oil and turpentine in equal proportions.
Adjust the amount of solvent very carefully. If the ratio is not correct, the solvent can make the paint too loose, depriving it of its original properties. In addition, even if the color and texture do not change, heavily thinned oil paint will not adhere well to the canvas as the solvent breaks down the bonds in the paint. When the correct ratio of paint and solvent is chosen, they increase the permeability of the paint and help to adhere it more firmly to the canvas, making the top coat stronger.