Social adaptation allows people to function normally within society. This is one of the main directions of human development, which runs through his entire life. In social adaptation, it is customary to distinguish several main stages.
First, the primary socialization of the child takes place. This is the basis on which the other steps will depend. How well the child is able to understand the basic principles, traditions and features of behavior in society, the more successful his further social life will be. The family plays the most important role at this stage.
Close relatives (in particular, parents) lay the foundation for ideas about society, its values and norms, as well as social roles. For example, if from childhood parents speak negatively about any social group, then the child can grow up with an absolute conviction that they are right. The same applies to any other area. That is why the upbringing process is considered one of the most significant in the life of any person.
Secondary social adaptation
This term is understood as socialization taking place outside the home. As soon as the child is able to communicate normally with strangers, he has the opportunity to evaluate other points of view. School is a striking example. Here new rules and regulations come into force that must be observed.
Failure to comply with certain rules can greatly harm the social relations of the child. For example, sneaks are less likely to find friends. If the child somehow fails the whole class, then he may be declared a boycott. These mistakes allow you to better understand how to interact with other people. In addition, in addition to their own mistakes, children pay attention to others, thus gaining experience without significant harm.
Other types of social adaptations
Further, the processes of socialization are superimposed on each other. Early socialization, as a rule, is one of the first to manifest itself. Its essence lies in the fact that a person rehearses future social roles. For example, a boyfriend and girlfriend can live together, but not be married. Thus, they try on future roles and acquire new social skills (living together, long-term relationships, etc.).
Resocialization occurs at a later age. At this stage, a person changes his attitude to any social issues, acquires new skills, and is also exposed to internal values. For example, a person could be convinced of the superiority of one of the social groups, but after a bright incident he changed his views. The process of resocialization lasts a lifetime.
Group and organizational social adaptation allows a person to get used to teams. At the same time, the group implies a simple stay within the team and the implementation of the rules, and the organizational one implies the acquisition of the necessary skills for working with personnel in order to achieve the set goals.