The term "communication" in translation from Latin means "communication". Means of communication - means of communication, that is, the transfer of information from one subject to another. Moreover, the term itself is used in different branches of knowledge. The concept of means of communication is in psychology, the media sphere, urban planning, and military affairs.
Communication tools in psychology
In psychology, communication is understood as the transfer of information from person to person. Communication means are verbal and non-verbal. The first includes speech and writing, that is, those areas in which information is conveyed by words. Non-verbal communication means - sign language, drawing, pictographic writing, etc. With the help of communication means, a person can transfer not only knowledge, but also emotions.
Communication means in the media sphere
The concept of means of communication, which is accepted in the media sphere, has quite a lot in common with that used by psychologists. Here we are also talking about the transfer of information. True, the media sphere covers large groups of people. Technical means - radio and television transmitters, computers, mobile phones, etc. - help to ensure coverage of the necessary groups. Since information is transmitted immediately to large groups, such communication is called mass communication. Mass media can be verbal, non-verbal and mixed.
The former includes, for example, radio. All other media can be called mixed, since they combine the verbal and non-verbal methods of transmitting data. For example, in a TV show, speech, titles, and images are used, newspaper materials often complement a photograph or drawing. In the modern world, the role of mass communication is constantly growing, and they are changing gradually, as technology develops. For a rather long period of human history, messengers and heralds were the main means of mass communication, which made it possible to transmit information to a maximum of several hundred people at a time. In the modern world, the entire population of the Earth can learn about an important event in just a few minutes.
Communication means in urban planning and military affairs
A somewhat different meaning has the concept of "means of communication" among the builders and the military. In this case, we are talking about the relationship between individual objects. In fact, this is also communication, but not only information is transmitted. In this case, the term "communication networks" is used more often. In urban planning, these are water supply, sewerage, heating systems, gas networks, telephone and others. By means of communication, the military means life support systems, primarily roads and communications.