The ability to polemize, argue and defend one's point of view determines the general culture of a person. These skills need to be learned if you have to work with people, talk to opponents and convince them that you are right. Correctly conducting polemics is very important for those who often participate in negotiation processes, where the outcome of a meeting largely depends on the communicative abilities of the parties.
Polemics does not mean reaching a consensus, but rather proving the correctness of your point of view and the ability to refute the arguments of an opponent who does not agree with you. For this, various psychological and speech techniques are used, forcing the interlocutor to doubt their correctness and accept your point of view. At the same time, it goes without saying that no physical pressure is exerted on the opponent, and the whole conversation takes place in restrained, respectful tones.
The concept of a culture of polemic controversy includes the discussion of an issue with which both sides are quite familiar, while avoiding the topic and getting personal. You should defend your position not because of stubbornness, but because you think it is the only correct one and are ready to prove it with arguments. During a polemical conversation, the atmosphere should be friendly, both parties should be able to listen and understand each other. Polemics is a constructive conversation, not defending one's position at any cost.
To conduct a productive debate, use certain techniques that are allowed by the rules for conducting such disputes. Immediately try to determine what your opponent's principled position is, this will allow you to quickly select those arguments that will be most effective.
Compare what your interlocutor says with how he actually acts. By using this technique, you make him be more careful about what he says. This makes it possible for you to quickly find opposite arguments, which in a negotiation environment with a lack of time to think gives a good result.
Appeal to those present when proving your case. Refer to the opinion of recognized authorities in a dispute. Silence of those present by your interlocutor will psychologically be perceived as agreement with your arguments.
Use humor and joke that can challenge even the most "concrete" argument. Take the initiative by asking your opponent a ton of questions, answering which he can get confused. In this case, the initiative will be in the hands of the questioner.