Is There Innate Literacy?

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Is There Innate Literacy?
Is There Innate Literacy?

Video: Is There Innate Literacy?

Video: Literacy is the Answer | John Trischitti | TEDxACU 2022, December
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There is a type of people who have no problems with literacy and spelling. Usually such people are said to have "innate literacy." But does it really exist, or is it just a myth? The controversy over this issue has not subsided for a long time.

Study, study and study again
Study, study and study again

Necessary

  • - fiction,
  • - a collection of dictations,
  • - a textbook on the Russian language.

Instructions

Step 1

In fact, the wording "innate literacy" is not entirely correct. After all, the concept of "literacy" means knowing the rules of grammar and the ability to use them. So, in principle, it cannot be “congenital”, since it cannot be “congenital”. knowledge is not transmitted genetically. What the people call "innate literacy" would be more correct to call "a sense of language", that is, the ability to quickly navigate the rules of the language. Congenital, however, may be a predisposition to learning certain subjects. For example, if a person has better functioning parts of the brain that are responsible for logical thinking, it will be easier for him to study exact sciences such as physics or mathematics. This can be compared to other abilities - for music or sports. So "literacy" is an acquired thing.

Step 2

What is called "innate literacy" is primarily influenced by memory, especially visual memory. As a rule, people who are credited with this property read a lot in childhood. Especially if they read classical literature. The high intellectual and cultural level of these works, as well as the grammatically correct text, will certainly be remembered. And if you read a lot, then over time the brain is able to process the accumulated information in such a way that it will independently develop an algorithm for correctly built grammar and spelling.

Step 3

In addition, the environment in which the child grew up plays an important role. For example, if a family speaks some dialect, and the child then goes to a Russian-speaking school, it will be much more difficult for him to navigate in Russian than for someone who was raised by Russian-speaking parents. The same applies to children brought up in a bilingual family - a mixture of grammar from two languages ​​is formed in the child's subconscious. A striking example is the situation in German universities - in some specialties, students are re-taught German if they come from an area with a very different dialect from the literary language.

Step 4

Thus, "innate literacy" is formed through a number of factors: the environment in which the child grew up, a good memory, reading literature, memorizing the rules of the language and, of course, practice. To develop "literacy" requires constant training. When writing dictations, the child will learn to use the accumulated vocabulary, the spelling basics that have been deposited in his memory, and the formed chain of "logical literacy" in such a way that over time the formulations of the rules will be forgotten, and the person will still write competently "on the machine." This effect is called "innate literacy."

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