Natural gas is the formation of a hydrocarbon mass that occurs during the decomposition of organic matter in the bowels of the earth. Its composition is dominated by methane (80-97%). Natural gas belongs to minerals. It can be buried at a depth of one to several kilometers. There the gas is located in microscopic voids - pores. It is extracted from the earth using wells.
Natural gas is used as a fuel in apartment buildings and private residences for cooking, heating and hot water. It can also be used as fuel for cars and boilers.
Natural gas (methane) is used as a feedstock in the chemical industry to produce a variety of organic substances, such as plastics.
Natural gas can be used to fill gas lamps intended for lighting. Methane itself is used as a feedstock for the production of acetylene, ammonia, methanol and hydrogen cyanide.
At the same time, natural gas is the main raw material base in the production of ammonia. Almost three quarters of all ammonia is used for the production of nitrogen fertilizers.
Hydrogen cyanide, already obtained from ammonia, together with acetylene serves as the initial raw material for the production of various synthetic fibers. Acetylene can be used to produce various layers-kats, which are widely used in industry and in everyday life. Acetate silk is also produced with it.
In the chemical industry, methane is used not only for the production of various plastics, but also for the production of rubber, organic acids and alcohol. It was with the use of natural gas that it became possible to create many chemicals that do not exist in nature, for example, polyethylene.
Natural gas is one of the best fuels used for industrial and domestic needs. Its value as a fuel also lies in the fact that this mineral fuel is quite environmentally friendly. When it burns, much less harmful substances appear when compared with other types of fuel. That is why natural gas is one of the main sources of energy in all human activity.