The word "certification" is translated from Latin as "done right." The essence of the procedure itself is confirmation of the conformity of a product or service to certain requirements, which are regulated by the necessary regulatory documents.
Objectives and objectives of certification
Certification is not only a control process. Yes, certification tasks include certifying that a product meets technical requirements, contractual terms, regulations, and so on. The main goal of certification is to protect the end user. The certified product or service has already been verified, so the user does not have to search for what he needs by trial and error.
Another important task that certification performs is to increase the competitiveness of goods and services in the domestic and international markets. It creates certain conditions under which the produced goods are able to spread throughout the country. The possibility of international cooperation and trade also largely depends on the correct certification.
It should be remembered that the passage of certification implies access of the auditors to trade secrets. However, confirmation of compliance means not only the safety of the information received in secret, but also a guarantee of further information security.
Principles of Certification as Compliance Procedures
First of all, information on the scheme of the procedure should be available to interested parties. Certification is carried out on the basis of certain technical regulations. There is a special list of products subject to mandatory confirmation of conformity. At the same time, objects for which technical regulations have not been established are not allowed for certification.
Applicants who filed a requirement for certification of any product or service can be sure that their property interests are protected. They are also supposed to follow the letter of the law, since even seemingly insignificant deviations can be decisive. In particular, mandatory certification can in no way be replaced by voluntary certification.
In general, the certification system consists of the following parts:
- the procedure and rules for conducting the conformity confirmation procedure;
- a list of normative documents according to which compliance is carried out;
- certification schemes;
- inspection control.
When passing any certification, special standards are used - regional, national or international. There are two ways to indicate compliance with standards - a certificate of conformity and a mark of conformity.