In the middle of the last century, the English theoretical physicist Peter Higgs predicted the existence of a particle, which is the fundamental model of the universe. The micro-object, called in scientific circles "the particle of God", was discovered experimentally. The idea of the professor at the University of Edinburgh materialized thanks to the Large Hadron Collider - a grandiose installation for the study of elementary particles.
Higgs's assumptions were based on the existence of a certain "burdening" field with which elementary particles flying through it come into contact. The physicist discovered the dependence of the force of interaction of particles breaking through the medium on their speed and final mass. So, in the circles of scientists, the idea of a powerful accelerator was born, capable of separating part of the field and arranging a kind of "Big Bang in reverse".
The "burdening" field predicted by the Englishman was based on the laws of quantum mechanics and consisted of a quantity that is both a wave and a particle. Bosons are the name given in science to the quanta of the hypothetical Higgs field.
The goal of the experiment was the potential to break a pair of Higgs boson and proton with a powerful impact. As a result, the released proton, outside a specific medium, would turn into a photon of light and the sought-for Higgs boson.
Experiments at the first collider, built under the patronage of the European Organization for Nuclear Research, began in the early 1980s. It was not possible to find the Higgs boson at that time, but many positive intermediate results were encouraging and encouraging.
Experiments resumed at the Large Hadron Collider, erected in the area of Lake Geneva, and continued for more than eleven years. The research corrected the parameters and determined the measurement range.
Several years of waiting and impressive costs for a scientific project have borne fruit. In an official press release from CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) on July 4, 2012, a cautious statement was made about the revealed clear signs of the existence of a new Higgs particle. Despite the slight probability of error, most scientists are confident that the search for the Higgs boson has been triumphantly completed.