Since Krasnodar Krai is the southernmost region of Russia, many believe that there is almost no winter here. But this region is not only the most southern, but also one of the most extensive in area and is distinguished by a wide variety of natural landscapes. This is the reason for the presence of several natural zones, each of which has its own climatic characteristics.
Geographical features of the Krasnodar Territory
The area of this constituent entity of the Russian Federation is 75.5 thousand square kilometers. Its territory is washed by two seas - the Azov and the Black, the length of the coastline is 740 km. From east to west, a large river flows through the territory of the region - the Kuban, whose sources begin in the mountains of the Greater Caucasus Range. This river gave the second name to the Land. It divides the Krasnodar Territory into two geographical zones - northern, flat and southern, mountainous, which occupies almost a third of the entire territory and stretches along the Black Sea coast.
These two zones, although located adjacent to each other, are characterized by different climatic features, and this difference is especially noticeable in winter. This is due to the climatic features common to mountainous areas, which are aggravated by the close proximity to huge masses of water - the seas, which also have a great influence on climate and weather.
Winters in the Kuban
The climate of the northern part of the Krasnodar Territory can be characterized as moderately continental. Since these are vast flat areas, this zone is characterized by prolonged winds, causing drought in summer and icing in winter. To reduce their detrimental effect, a system of forest belts is used. The winter temperature in the northern part of the Kuban is usually lower than in the southern one; this difference can be up to 10-15 ° C. Average indicators, depending on the year, range from -3 to -5оС. In mountainous areas, the average January temperature is from -8 to -10 ° C, and on the Black Sea coast from -6 to 0 ° C.
But the southern part of the Kuban along the entire length of the coast from Sochi to Anapa is regularly exposed to strong winds, the so-called northeast. Blowing in the northwest direction, they reach hurricane force up to 40 and even 60 m / s. Given the high humidity in winter, such winds cause severe icing and cause breaks in power lines, flooding of ships. Nord-Ost breaks trees and demolishes roofs of houses and, taking into account the wind speed, lowers the actual temperature by 10 ° C.
But after such a nord-island, as a rule, complete calm and cloudless weather reigns for several days, in which the air warms up to + 8-10 ° C, and in Sochi up to + 15 ° C. Then local residents and vacationers have a wonderful opportunity to sit on the shores of the turquoise-blue Black Sea and admire its crystal-transparent surface, exposing their faces to the gentle rays of the sun.