Law practice shows that no one is protected from the claims of law enforcement agencies. Even law-abiding citizens can be summoned for interrogation in order to obtain an explanation of the case as a witness or a suspect. Therefore, it is advisable to know in general terms your rights and rules of conduct with the interrogator.
- - agenda;
- - advocate;
- - protocol.
Speak calmly without raising your voice. Ask to be allowed to call relatives or friends. Tell them about your detention.
Do not testify without a lawyer (article 48, part 1 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation). The interrogator (prosecutor, investigator) may recommend it to you, do not agree to this. He can act in the interests of the investigating authorities. Ask relatives and friends to call an independent lawyer.
Do not testify against close relatives, yourself, your spouse. Article 51 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation gives you the right to do this.
Do not give false testimony, do not fantasize. The fiction is easily refuted. Since investigative tactics include a whole range of methods and techniques in order to obtain truthful testimony.
Be critical of the interrogator's allegations. His main interest is solving the crime. He associates the suspected person primarily with the criminal during interrogation. You may be misled by saying that there is a witness in the next room. That as a result of his testimony, you can become the main suspect, and it is in your best interest to speak first. Thus, you are pushed to confess what you did not do, making it easier for yourself.
Read the interrogation protocol carefully, and only then sign it. Any overlooked little thing can later turn against you. You should not refer to your inattention - it will not help you.
If you have any comments on the protocol, then indicate them in a special column. If you refuse to sign, then be prepared to write the reason for your action.