Often, city dwellers are completely unaware of plants, which leads to various light and severe poisoning by their poisonous substances. An outwardly harmless flower can cause serious complications up to death, so you need to know the signs by which you can determine the toxicity of a particular plant.
First of all, children who love to pick a beautiful leaf and put it in their mouths suffer from poisoning with poisonous plants. Experiments like this, at best, often result in mild reddening of the skin, burning mouth, indigestion, or vomiting. It should be remembered that many plants are poisonous to one degree or another - some are poisonous in some parts, and some completely.
Plants protect themselves not only with the help of poison - but also with bitterness, so chewing bitter leaves saved many children, who spat out the tasteless muck in time.
Any plant with which there was or will be contact, it is imperative and meticulous to check. This can be done with the help of reference books, a consultant at a plant store or the Internet, by searching for a description of the appearance of the plant or by finding it in an illustrated catalog of poisonous herbs or flowers. Before using or purchasing a plant, it must be carefully examined, since some poisonous flora is very similar to edible and harmless plants.
Signs of poisonous plants
Without appropriate biological knowledge, it is rather difficult to distinguish a non-poisonous plant from a poisonous one, since there are no special signs of toxicity in nature. In any case, it is better to stay away from too bright plants with an unpleasant or very pleasant aroma - in the first case, they scare off natural enemies, showing them their capabilities, and in the second, they lure insects and careless people.
Even a plant familiar to everyone can be poisoned - for example, the poison is contained in the kernel of the almond, peach and apricot pits, as well as in the green part of the potato.
The world flora numbers more than ten thousand species of poisonous plants, which most often grow in the tropical and subtropical zone, as well as in cold and temperate climates. In the countries of Russia and the CIS, you can find about four hundred species of poisonous flora, which, among other things, is represented by ferns, horsetails, mushrooms, angiosperms and gymnosperms. In the temperate climate zone, poisonous plants are found in norichnikov, poppy, buttercup, kutrovy, gorse, euphorbia, aroid and solanaceous families. Medicine uses small doses of many herbal poisons as valuable medicinal agents such as strychnine, morphine, physostigmine, atropine, and so on.