Melons are thermophilic, they require well-prepared soil, a lot of sun, constant watering and periodic feeding. However, growing a melon will not be difficult, since it is not as demanding as it might seem. That is why melons are a great first experience for novice gardeners.
Melon is best planted with seedlings. Presowing seed preparation implies their careful selection in terms of density. To do this, fill the seeds with a 2% sodium chloride solution. Unsuitable seeds will float, and heavy and dense ones will settle to the bottom - they should be used for seedlings. Rinse the settled seeds for at least 5 minutes under running water and treat with growth stimulants.
The seedling period for melons, like any pumpkin seed, is rather short - 20-30 days. For growing seedlings, peat-humus pots with a diameter of 10 cm or more would be an ideal option.In a pot, sow 1 seed to a depth of 3 cm.When planting a sprouted stem in such a pot, you minimally injure the root system of a melon, and this contributes to excellent survival and a good harvest in the future …
Prepare the soil. Dig deep into the garden bed 3 weeks before planting, add manure or humus. During growth, watermelons and melons take out long and branchy roots, so loose and fertilized soil will give more nutrients. Sandy loam, loamy soils and even saline areas are ideal for melons, while the melon does not bear fruit well on acidic soils. The melon planting site, of course, should only be in the sun.
Melon planting time directly depends on the variety and climate. Usually, seedlings can be planted when the ground has already warmed up to + 15-17оС. As a rule, this is the end of May - beginning of June. The best condition is a land moistened with May rain. Southern melon varieties require a higher temperature of + 25-30 ° C.
2 weeks before planting, make deep pits 30 cm wide and deep. The distance between the pits is 0.7-1.5 meters. Pour water into the pit and cover with glass to warm the soil.
Place the seedlings in the prepared holes so that the root ball is 2 cm above the soil. This will help prevent root rot and stem death. Place the plant in a hole, cover with earth and pour warm water. Cover with foil for 10 days, creating a greenhouse effect.
Water and weed the garden bed weekly during the summer. Most of all, the melon is harmed by cereal plants (cockerel and millet). Watering should be carried out only at the root, not on the leaves; it is advisable to leave the soil dry around the stem, otherwise the melon will start to ache and rot.
When the melon is ripe, it begins to emit a pleasant melon aroma, a bright spot should appear on the side. Finally, pull lightly on the fruit. If the stalk falls off, you can eat the melon.