There are many ways to purify water today. Among them there are expensive ones, there are quite simple ones that do not require financial costs. Everyone can choose the method that he considers the most affordable and reliable. How can you get clean water?
- - household filter;
- - silver;
- - shungite;
- - Activated carbon;
- - freezer;
- - herbs.
Buy activated charcoal from a pharmacy and dip it in tap water at the rate of 1 tablet per liter of water. In order for the water to be cleansed of harmful impurities, it must stand with activated carbon for at least 8 hours. Coal neutralizes toxic substances, removes metallic aftertaste, and provides water with a pleasant mild taste.
You can also buy shungite, a natural mineral, at the pharmacy. Rinse it with running water (black dust should drain from it), pour it into a container and pour the amount of water indicated in the instructions for the mineral. The water should stand for a day. Do not be intimidated by precipitation in the form of colloidal formations or flakes that may fall after this time. This "worked" shungite - an excellent adsorbent, absorbing pesticides, biotoxins, heavy metals and impurities contained in water.
Place a container of water (not glass) in the freezer. After freezing, take it out and do the following: heat a thin knitting needle over the fire and pierce the frozen water (essentially a piece of ice). This is not an eccentricity, but part of the procedure for obtaining clean and safe water for health. The fact is that an unfrozen liquid usually remains in the center of the piece of ice, into which the water has turned, - all the harmful substances are concentrated in it. This harmful water just needs to be drained, which you can easily do after a puncture with a hot knitting needle. Set the rest of the ice to thaw (do not heat it over the fire, it is better to let it melt naturally). The resulting melt water is not only guaranteed to be clean, it is also useful, helping to fight some diseases.
Take a silver item and dip it into a container of water. This method of cleaning has been known for a long time, but you should be aware that this does not purify water, but disinfection. Experts say that these are different things, because bacteria and microbes will be destroyed, but harmful impurities, if any, will not disappear anywhere in the water. And one more thing: a small silver ring or silver coin will not cope with disinfecting a bucket of water. That is, the silver thing must have a fairly large surface in order to fulfill the task that was entrusted to it.
Buy a household filter. It will provide the most reliable water purification. In the store, talk to a sales assistant, explain what effect you would like to get from the filter - so that it removes the smell of chlorine, removes impurities or makes a deeper treatment of the water. A specialist will explain everything to you and recommend this or that device. You may not like a jug-type filter, but a stationary one, which is mounted directly under the sink and is a multi-level reverse osmosis water purification system.
Finally, if you have no activated carbon, no shungite, no silver, no filter at hand, and you are on a hike, moreover, far from civilization, and the only source of water is a stream or river, you can resort to natural remedies. … Pick branches of birch and mountain ash, lingonberry leaves, string herb, nettle and St. John's wort. Place branches, leaves and herbs in water and let stand for a while (at least an hour). Then strain and boil over a fire.