The existence of any state today is impossible without developed administrative institutions. Governance systems exist at all levels - from municipal to state. Depending on the purpose, their functions and principles of operation differ.
The essence of both state and municipal government is expressed in the purposeful activity of bodies (respectively, state or municipal), or individual officials in the public service. The goals and methods of this activity are different, but some management principles are similar.
The purpose of public administration is to put into practice the chosen political course. The main tool here is legislative activity. In other words, this kind of management is ensured through the development and approval of various kinds of legislative, legal and other acts, and the object of regulation is the relations of citizens.
The theory of public administration identifies several conceptual approaches that can serve as the basis for the formation of the administrative apparatus. These are legal, political and managerial approaches. The first of them names the legal protection of citizens as the main priority in the implementation of public administration. The second one puts forward the doctrine of the fullest possible embodiment of the people's will. The managerial approach, on the other hand, puts at the forefront the requirement for the greatest efficiency of the work of the state machine.
Municipal government, unlike political, practically does not regulate relations between citizens. Its main goal is the effective use and development of infrastructure aimed at improving the well-being of people living in the municipality.
Unlike state bodies, municipal bodies do not make laws. The product of their activities is various kinds of regulations, projects, orders concerning the use of municipal assets. In addition, the functions of the municipal government include making decisions on the establishment of local tax collections, the volume of the local budget, regional development programs, etc.