Guilt is one of the hallmarks of crime and delinquency. In the general case, guilt means the mental attitude of a citizen who has committed a crime to his act.
Guilt is precisely a subjective sign of a crime, not an objective one. This statement is due to the fact that the attitude towards the person guilty of the crime of those around him and his own attitude to his act are different.
The concept of guilt is better understood when considering another sign of a crime - punishability. So, taking into account the essence of punishment, namely: the correction of the criminal, his repentance for illegal actions, his stopping to commit new crimes, one should come to the conclusion that guilt in this case plays an important role as a sign of a crime. Hence arises such a definition as: guilty responsibility, that is, the criminal responsibility of a citizen guilty of a crime.
Such criminal liability is the main form of application of criminal law to a person. It is criminal liability that is the most severe type of responsibility of a citizen for a crime committed. Criminal liability gives the state the right to apply measures of influence against the guilty person (restriction of the rights and freedoms of the guilty person).
There are the following forms of guilt: deliberate form of guilt (intent) and guilt through negligence. The form of guilt characterizes the attitude of the offender to his deed, the combination of his consciousness and will. For example, the direct intent of the offender suggests that he foresaw responsibility and punishment for the crime he was planning, but nevertheless committed it.
As a rule, direct intent is the most dangerous form of the culprit's guilt. This statement is due to the fact that with direct intent, such a person is more likely to commit a crime than a person who fears responsibility. Therefore, guilt containing direct criminal intent is punished more severely.
There is also an indirect intent, in which the citizen is also aware of the consequences (harm, responsibility and punishment) of the crime, but does not want it to occur, but deliberately admits the offensive.
The guilt of a citizen who has committed an unlawful and socially dangerous act through negligence is due to his negligence, indifference, and frivolity. Examples of this form of guilt are, for example: failure to provide assistance to a sick person who needs it, as a result of which he died or suffered. In general, guilt through negligence is any guilt committed by a citizen through frivolity or negligence, which has caused harm to the life or health of people.