From time immemorial, man has learned to make fire. Its benefits are obvious, but we must not forget about the terrible consequences of fires, which annually claim thousands of lives. Most of the tragic incidents could have been avoided by observing basic fire safety rules.
It is necessary
- - smoke detectors;
- - security and fire alarm;
- - carbon dioxide fire extinguishers;
- - fire evacuation schemes.
Install smoke detectors in the rooms and back rooms of your home. Check their performance regularly and replace the batteries in a timely manner. Allocate funds from the family budget to install an automatic fire alarm and extinguishing system. In the event of a fire, the devices will transmit information about the starting fire, start autonomous flame extinguishing installations and remove smoke.
Purchase carbon dioxide fire extinguishers that leave virtually no residue after use. Equip every room, kitchen, garage with devices and regularly monitor their performance. When available, fire extinguishers will help you quickly eliminate small sources of ignition that can develop into a large fire during the search for extinguishing agents.
Do not use high power electrical appliances at the same time. Do not overload wall outlets and extension cords. Be careful when working with heating devices and flammable materials. Remember that the kitchen is the most fire hazardous area in your home. When cooking food on a fire, be careful about it so that the draft does not extinguish the stove flame.
Keep the wires of household electrical appliances in order, exclude possible contact with pets. Observe the distance between the heating elements and the walls of the house. Do not dry things using devices that are not intended for this purpose.
Do not forget to extinguish a burning match after lighting the stove or oven. Please note that smoking in the home is a major cause of fires. Do not carry out chemical experiments in the apartment. Remember, home is not a place for firecrackers, sparklers, and Christmas tree fireworks.
Explain to children the dangers of playing with matches and lighters. The child needs to know about the property of a magnifying glass and the possibility of light ignition of some modern materials from an ordinary electric lamp.
If possible, design two escape routes from each room. Draw exit diagrams and share them with all family members. If the building has upper floors, install fire escapes for them.
When living in the countryside or on vacation, do not make fires in forests or in strong winds. Do not incinerate trash in your garden unless absolutely necessary. Remember that it is easier to prevent a fire than to extinguish it.
Educate household members on how to deal with a fire. Take seriously the joint exercise of respiratory protection, the use of fire extinguishers, the determination of the heating of the door before opening it. Do not forget that simple skills will come in handy in extreme situations and will help save the lives of those close to you.