Departure is the forced transportation of prisoners, convicts, persons under investigation or exiled to a place of detention or exile. The decision on escorting is made by the Federal Penitentiary Service - FSIN.
Staging is carried out according to a strictly defined schedule. In urgent cases, individual prisoners may be transported outside of the schedule. For transportation, specialized road transport (paddy wagons), railway (wagon zak or Stolypin wagon) or aviation can be used. The latter, however, is rarely used and only in cases when convoying is impossible by other means. For short distances, transportation can also take place on foot under the protection of an escort.
After receiving written notification of the entry into force of the judgment, the prisoner should be ready for the stage. The management of the pre-trial detention center, on the basis of data on the availability of free places in the colonies of Russia, makes a decision on the transfer of the prisoner to one or another place of deprivation of liberty. The time of the transfer is not announced in advance.
Immediately before the stage, the prison officer informs the prisoner about the stage and gives time to collect things. The prisoner has the right to take with him up to 50 kg of things and food. The rest can be left in a special warehouse at the pre-trial detention center, from where relatives can take things. However, in reality, they are more often given to inmates.
The transported person is taken to the train by a paddy wagon, and then, under the supervision of the convoy, is transferred to the Stolypin carriage. Unlike passenger trains, carriages travel much more slowly to their destination. If a passenger train travels from point A to point B for 24 hours, then the carriage can “travel” for up to a week. While on the move, the prisoners are kept in cramped, poorly ventilated cells in the wagon. They are escorted to the toilet. It is forbidden to use the toilet in parking lots, and a carriage can stand for many hours.
Upon arrival, the escorted first goes to a transit prison - a place of temporary detention. Then from the transit prison, the prisoners are distributed among the colonies of the region. It often happens that by the time a prisoner arrives, all free places in prisons run out. Then the convict has to sit in a transit prison for quite a long time, awaiting the decision of the FSIN on a new transfer. Then he is transported to another colony.
Upon arrival at the prison, all newcomers undergo a mandatory 14-day quarantine. After quarantine, they are distributed among the detachments. The administration of the colony shall, within 10 days, send the prisoner's relatives (or other persons at the request of the convicted person) a notification of his arrival at the correctional institution.