There are more than 200 countries on the globe, 29 of them boast an area of more than 1 million square meters. km. The five largest countries in the world include Russia, Canada, China, the United States and Brazil.
The largest country in the world in terms of territory occupied is the Russian Federation. Its area is more than 17 125 thousand square meters. km. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia was recognized by the international community as the successor country of the USSR. In 2014, the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol became part of Russia. This fact is not recognized by the world community. Nevertheless, official documents and new maps of the country are being drawn up taking into account the fact that the Russian Federation now consists of 85 subjects. Despite the largest territory, in terms of population, our country occupies only 9th place in the world.
Canada is in second place in terms of territory occupied after Russia. The area of Canada is 9 985 thousand square meters. km. It is a federal state with 10 provinces and 3 territories. The province of Quebec has a special status, many residents of Quebec call for full or partial independence from Canada. Canada has two official languages - English and French. The capital is Ottawa. In terms of population, the country ranks 11th in the world.
The third place in the ranking of the largest countries is occupied by the People's Republic of China (PRC). The area of China is 9 598 thousand sq. Km. China is divided into 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 4 central cities. Taiwan, Macau and Hong Kong occupy a special position. The capital is Beijing. The PRC is the most populous country in the world. Since 1949, all power in the country belongs to the Chinese Communist Party, which controls absolutely all areas of life.
The fourth place in the world in terms of territory is occupied by the United States of America with an area of 9 519 thousand square meters. km. As a state, the United States appeared on the political map of the world in 1776. The country is divided into 50 states and the District of Columbia. There is no official state language in the United States. The capital is Washington. In terms of population, this country ranks third in the world, second only to China and India. The United States accounts for 25% of world GDP. Some English-language sources rank the United States as the 3rd largest country in terms of territorial sea area.
Brazil closes the five largest countries in the world. The area of Brazil is 8 515 thousand square meters. km. The Brazilians achieved independence only in 1822, before that the country was one of the colonies of Portugal. It is a federal state with 26 states. Brazil is the largest country in South America, it occupies almost half of the entire mainland. Brazil is also in fifth place in terms of population. The capital is Brasilia. The state language is Portuguese.