How The Contraceptive Coil Works

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How The Contraceptive Coil Works
How The Contraceptive Coil Works

Video: How The Contraceptive Coil Works

Video: Patient Education Video: Intrauterine Device (IUD) 2022, December

An intrauterine hormonal device or IUD is a modern method of contraception. It is distinguished by its reliability and minimal impact on the body.


Step 1

The contraceptive coil is placed in the woman's uterus, after installation it is not felt in the body. This system is small in size (three and a half centimeters in length), and weighs very little. The spiral contains the hormone levonorgestrel, the system releases a small dose of it daily. Since the hormone immediately gets to its destination, the body needs a really scanty amount. This hormone in a daily dose is seven and a half times less than in conventional birth control pills.

Step 2

The intrauterine hormonal coil acts in three directions at once. Under the influence of levonorgestrel, mucus in the cervix is ​​significantly thickened, which prevents the penetration of infections. In addition, its thickening interferes with the movement of sperm. In addition, the hormone creates an uncomfortable environment for the sperm, in which they lose mobility, so that even if one of them managed to overcome the cervical mucus, he has very little chance of getting to the egg. In addition, under the influence of levonorgestrel, the inner layer of the uterus becomes thinner, to which the fertilized egg must attach. After installing the spiral, the uterus cleans itself from the inside, which has a beneficial effect on its health, moreover, even if a tenacious sperm manages to fertilize an egg, it simply has nowhere to attach. It should be noted that the moment of conception is precisely the moment of attachment of the ovum to the wall of the uterus, since this does not happen, the hormonal spiral cannot be considered an abortive method.

Step 3

The hormonal coil is installed by a doctor for a period of three years. Please note that an adaptation period will occur in the first months, which can cause a number of inconveniences. First of all, this is due to the thinning of the endometrium (the inner layer of the uterus) and its removal to the outside, which affects menstrual flow. Within two to three months between menstruation itself, there may be a large amount of additional discharge. Don't be scared, this is a normal process. After the end of the adaptation period, menstruation most often decreases, becomes less abundant and painful.

Step 4

If this is the first time you have set yourself such a spiral, it is advisable to check with a doctor during the adaptation period. It is best to do this after ten days to see with the help of ultrasound how well the spiral has "got up", and then three months after the end of adaptation to check the state of the body. After that, you need to visit the gynecologist every six months for the purpose of prevention and health control.

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