Race is called a certain group of people united by a complex of similar hereditary biological characteristics. Different anthropological schools still do not agree on a single figure for the total number of races. In addition to those already approved, there are false races, for example, the Aryan.
Who are the Aryans
The term "Aryan race" comes from the word "Aryans", which translated from ancient Persian means "worthy, respected, noble." This pseudoscientific term was coined in the 19th century by authors who created racial theories. Subsequently, it found wide application among the German National Socialists.
Initially, the Aryan nation meant one of the subtypes of the Caucasoid race, which is better known as the "Nordic race". This term was first used by Joseph Gobineau in 1855. In his book Experiences on the Inequality of Human Races, he described the Nordic subtype as white, fair-haired, and blue-eyed. In the same book, he argued that it is the "Nordic race" that is the highest stage in the development of mankind.
External signs of the "Aryan race"
Representatives of the Nordic, and later Aryan race had to meet certain physical parameters, that is, have a strictly defined phenotype.
The racial standard for the appearance of "true Aryans", popularized by the National Socialists, was taken from the population of the northern regions of Germany.
According to the ideology of Nazism, all Aryans are tall, slender and their average height is from 1.75 to 1.90 m. The loin is approximately 52-53% of their total body height. Men have narrow hips and broad shoulders. At the top of the patella, they have a slight thickening. Long-length parameters also prevail in the female Aryan figure. An Aryan woman should have narrow neck, arms, legs and hips, and she herself should be slender and thin. For both men and women, the arm span should be 94-97% of the body length.
As for the skull, in the true representatives of the Aryan race, it should be elongated and with a convex nape. The face of the Aryans is narrow, with a small forehead, a thin nose, a slightly angular chin and slightly arched eyebrows. In the region of the temples, it narrows even more. The cheekbones of the Aryans are almost vertical.
The skin should be thin and light. Its pinkish hue is due to translucent blood. In areas where veins appear, the skin has a slightly bluish tint. It is believed that the sun exposure does not harm the skin of the Aryans. All representatives of the Aryan race have thick light-colored hair, the shade of which ranges from completely white to golden. Men have a lush beard.
The general physical condition of the true Aryans is assessed as excellent.