The existence of such places in Russia where the temperature drops below 60 degrees Celsius seems incredible for residents of middle and southern latitudes. But in Yakutsk, Verkhoyansk, Oymyakon people live and work who are accustomed to this weather, and for them it is quite comfortable.
Many foreigners who come to Russia, for example, to Moscow or Belgorod, are sincerely surprised that winter is not so fierce here. The stereotype created by the media is crumbling. But these cities are far from the whole country, and in fact there are a lot of places in the Russian Federation where the temperature drops significantly below 0 degrees. And in these harsh conditions of eternal winter people live and work.
The coldest places in Russia
The Vostok research station, located in Antarctica, the coldest place not only in Russia, but throughout the entire planet, was founded back in 1957. The opening day became the warmest in the entire history of observations - then the temperature was -13, 6 ° C. The coldest recorded temperature is -89.2 ° C.
It is interesting that the territory on which the Vostok station is located can be logically called the largest desert in the world, because there is practically no precipitation there.
The city of Yakutsk, the Republic of Sakha, Yakutia, with the largest population of all settlements located in the north-east of the country, is also the coldest city in the world. In January, the average temperature here is -41 ° C. The coldest day in the history of observations was recorded in 1946, when it was -64 ° С outside. The local residents are saved by the fact that frosts are easily tolerated here.
Verkhoyansk and Oymyakon are two more settlements of Yakutia with a severe frosty climate. The record of negative temperatures in the first of them was -67.1 ° С, and in the second it was even lower than -71.2 ° С. The settlements are drowned in a niche between the mountains, where icy air collects - hence such severe frosts.
Oddly enough, but the summers in Verkhoyansk and Oymyakon are more than hot - in 2010, temperatures were recorded at +37, 3 ° C and +34.6 ° C, respectively.
Of the many Russian seas, the coldest is the East Siberian Sea, located in the basin of the Arctic Ocean. The water temperature, both in summer and in winter, is no more than −1.8 ° C. Almost all year round, the sea is covered with drifting ice floes, the thickness of which is several meters.
The coldest place in the world that does not belong to Russia
Of the foreign possessions with constantly low temperatures, the coldest place is Greenland, which belongs to the state of Denmark. An island with an area of more than 2 million sq. m, is located in the waters of the Arctic and Atlantic oceans. The average daily winter temperature here is -47 ° C, and a record minus was recorded in 1954 (-66 ° C).