For centuries, pearls have been a symbol of elegance and natural beauty. This organic gem is comparable in popularity to diamonds, emeralds and rubies. Pearls can be natural, artificial and cultured (grown with human participation).
Inquire about the manufacturer of the jewelry you intend to purchase. Remember that a low price is a reason to refuse a purchase. Quality natural pearls are very expensive. Ask the seller to provide proof of pearl authenticity. Natural pearls are not subject to mandatory certification, so you can only be issued a quality certificate certified by the company's seal. It must indicate the following characteristics: name and article of the product, material from which it is made, country of origin, method of production, pearl class, its luster, color, shape and diameter of pearls.
Order a gemological examination of the product. Determining the authenticity of pearls is one of the most demanded areas in the expertise market. Large laboratories have modern X-ray equipment, which allows accurate identification and diagnosis of pearls without causing any harm to the stones. Experienced gemologists will help determine the authenticity of the color of the stone, which is especially important when buying expensive black or golden pearls. If it is not possible to make an examination, consult a jewelry appraiser.
Determine the authenticity of pearls using folk methods. Artificial pearls, hollow inside, are much lighter than natural ones, while hematite ones, on the contrary, are heavier. Examine the internal structure of the stone through the drilled holes under magnification: a surface that is too smooth will immediately give an imitation. A real pearl stays cool even in the hottest weather. A genuine pearl that falls on a hard surface will bounce high, unlike an imitation pearl. Bring the pearls to your ear and rub them together: if the stones are real, you will hear the sound of rubbing sand. Run the pearl lightly over your teeth. Imitation pearls will squeak disgustingly. The surface of a pearl should not be perfectly smooth like glass.