What Is The Climate In Russia

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What Is The Climate In Russia
What Is The Climate In Russia

Video: What Is The Climate In Russia

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Russia is the largest country in the world, and its territory is very strongly stretched from west to east and quite strongly from north to south, therefore it includes several different climatic zones, or zones. Depending on various factors, the climatic characteristics of different zones may vary slightly. For example, proximity to the sea always affects, usually a mitigating factor.

What is the climate in Russia
What is the climate in Russia


Step 1

The Arctic climate is typical for the northernmost regions of the Arctic. Natural zones of this territory: tundra and arctic taiga. The earth warms up very little, the air temperature is extremely low for most of the year. Flora and fauna are very scarce. The polar night lasts most of the winter, which makes this climate even more severe. In winter, the temperature often drops to -60 degrees. In general, the climatic winter in these places lasts about 10 months. Summer is very short and cold, the air rarely warms up above +5. There is little precipitation, usually it falls in the form of snow. The Arctic islands are slightly warmer than the mainland.

Step 2

The subarctic climate is typical for the more southern territories of the Arctic, this is the area of ​​the Arctic Circle. Winters are slightly milder than in the Arctic, but are still very long. The average summer temperature is +12 degrees. The amount of precipitation is 200-400 mm per year. The subarctic regions are characterized by the constant presence of cyclones, cloud cover and a fairly strong wind. The polar night is also very noticeable here.

Step 3

The most significant part of Russia is occupied by a temperate climate. Its territory is so large that usually this belt is additionally divided into regions: moderately continental, continental and sharply continental. The monsoon climate is also added to them, since in Russia it is also under the influence of the continental one. The temperate climate is characterized by sharp drops between winter and summer temperatures.

Step 4

A moderate continental climate is typical for Central Russia and its environs. Summer is quite hot, in July the temperature often reaches +30 degrees, but winter is frosty, readings of a thermometer -30 are not rare. The closer to the Atlantic Ocean, there is more rainfall. In general, this climate is greatly influenced by air masses from the Atlantic. In the north, precipitation is usually abundant, but in the south, it is somewhat lacking. Therefore, the natural zones, despite the same climate, vary from steppe to taiga.

Step 5

The continental climate is typical for the Urals and Western Siberia. Atlantic air masses are becoming more and more continental, the climate is formed under their influence. The difference between winter and summer temperatures increases even more. The average temperature in January is about -25, and in July +26. Precipitation is also unevenly distributed.

Step 6

A sharply continental climate is observed in Eastern Siberia. This climate is more even than the previous two. It is characterized by low cloud cover and low precipitation (most often in summer). The difference between winter and summer temperatures becomes even more noticeable, summers are very hot and winters extremely cold. In this climate, there is only taiga, since there are almost no differences between north and south.

Step 7

The monsoon climate can be observed in the Far East. It is influenced by both air masses from the mainland and sea currents with tropical cyclones. In winter, cold air from the continent moves towards the ocean, and in summer it is the other way around. The climate is characterized by strong winds, there is an abundance of monsoons (monsoon is a particularly strong wind). Typhoons are not uncommon in summer. There is a lot of precipitation, but mainly in warm weather.

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